Ah, there you are! Ready for the 4 mile hike? Ross Kushner of the Pequannock River Coalition. We will be exploring the area just north of Copperas Mountain in nearby Rockaway Township. Ross has just taken attendance and now we are heading southwest on Green Pond Road and will be heading into the woods of the vast Pequannock watershed! What happened here?
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These trees appear to have collapsed like dominoes. With the onset of WWII the plantations were all but forgotten. Fast forward to , we now have a tangle of trees growing close to one another. Hurricane Sandy came and knocked the trees down.
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Ross explained that in general other than habitat for Northern Goshawks and Red Squirrels , plantations are a monoculture and do not provide the diversity most wildlife require. Look at all these white-tail deer prints around this fallen tree! Hardwood trees that fell during the hurricane have become popular with White-Tail Deer who enjoy nibbling on sections of tree normally inaccessible. Leaving the fallen tree and coming to a small field, Ross has just found a curious looking egg pouch attached to a plant in a frozen field.
This is a Praying Mantis egg case. Heading back to Green Pond Road, Ross points out a stand of deciduous conifers near the side of the road and has identified them as American Larch. American Larch needles turn orange in the fall and fall off in winter. The Pequannock River Tributary draining the marsh in the foreground was straightened to drain the marsh.
Phragmites , a common plant which thrives in disturbed wetlands, is abundant. Around 10, years ago the Wisconsin Glacier piled boulders on the north side and sheared off the southern side of mountains in the NJ Highlands. As the glacier retreated at the end of the ice age, they tended to melt in place. The sheered cliffs visible on Green Pond Mountain were testimony to that theory. What are these ruins we are looking at? Their property was taken by imminent domain to protect the water supply. This section of the Passaic River was and is severely impaired. Walking a bit further in the snow Ross has suddenly stopped.
There must be 20 feet present between the gaps of the prints!! What is Ross looking at?
The higher the bite, the bigger the bear. Mink tracks! Minks, a member of the Weasel family can usually be spotted by water. We just happen to be by Deerhaven Lake where a number of White Pines are standing. These pines grew naturally. Ross turns around and starts heading back to Green Pond Road. We are back on Green Pond Road on our way to a section of the white blazed This trail, maintained by members of the NYNJ Trail Conference, is named Four Birds to represent the ecological diversity that can be encountered on the trail.
Near the beginning of the trail we see tiny footprints heading to a log. They belong to an Opossum. It looks like we are now leaving the Four Birds Trail and are walking by a rather large American Beech with marks that look like eyes keeping watch over the forest.
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American Beech is considered a climax species in succession and is an indicator that the forest present here has not been disturbed in a long time. Looking northwest towards Deerhaven Lake we see a large active beaver lodge with several others in the distance. Ross stated that the primary predator of beavers is the gray wolf which has been extirpated from New Jersey. Time to stop for lunch!
White Oak acorns are sweeter than other oaks such as Black or Red Oak. Black Bears love White Oak acorns so much that they will go up into the tree to retrieve them before they fall. While checking out the claw marks we spot an out of season Firefly on the White Oak. Apparently it was tricked by the abundant sunshine. River Otter droppings containing fish scales were spotted near an outlet of a Pequannock River tributary leaving Deerhaven Lake. River Otters are usually active near the outlet of a beaver pond and the droppings are indicators of River Otter territorial tendencies.
A stonefly! Soneflies are a sure indicator of the good water quality found in the C1 Trout Production Pequannock River. I hope this virtual hike has inspired you to explore your local forest. Dense woodlands surround the mountain to the north, Echo Lake is to the north east, Kanouse Brook is to the west, the Echo Lake Channel is to the east and Route 23 is to the south and southeast.
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Kanouse Brook has a naturally regenerating trout population and drains into the Pequannock River. The hike took place on unmarked wood roads starting in a northeast direction to the summit of Kanouse Mountain where a large star, American flag and outstanding views were present.
View of Charlottesburg Reservoir from top of Kanouse Mountain. Charlottesburg Reservoir was formed from the impoundment of the Pequannock River which is given C1 water classification. The C1 classification is used to indicate that the river is relatively unspoiled in comparison to other rivers in NJ. As with all Pequannock River Coalition Hikes, Ross Kusher the executive director of PRC discussed different points of interest along the hike including ecology and geology.
This interesting information makes a hike much more than a physical journey. The geology of Kanouse Mountain and the surrounding highlands is estimated to be between million years old and thought to be from the Silurian Period of the Paleozoic Era. Past glacier activity courtesy of the Wisconsin Glacier is evident by gentle slopes on the north side of the mountain and a sudden drop on the south side.
As the Wisconsin glacier moved through the area 10, years ago it pushed rocks and carved out hillsides creating this phenomenon present throughout the highlands region. Small trace amounts of copper have been found alongside the much more abundant iron in the highlands region. The nearest weather station for both precipitation and temperature measurements is WAVE which is approximately 15 miles away and has an elevation of feet feet lower than Little Copperas Mountain.
Because the nearest station and this geographic feature may have differences in elevation and topography, the historic weather at the two separate locations may be different as well. Summit Prominent elevation rising above the surrounding level of the Earth's surface; does not include pillars, ridges, or ranges.
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Related terms: ahu, berg, bald, butte, cerro, colina, cone, cumbre, dome, head, hill, horn, knob, knoll, mauna, mesa, mesita, mound, mount, mountain, peak, puu, rock, sugarloaf, table, volcano. See also: Pillars and Ridges. County Ross County , Ohio. Elevation ft.
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Topographic Map. Nearby Summits McMechen Hill 0. Nearby Photos. Historical Weather Below are weather averages from to according to data gathered from the nearest official weather station. Average Monthly Precipitation in inches. Summer High Temps. Winter Low Temps. Precipitation Levels.
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